Looking up literature on bullying:


This is a copy of the implication part:

5.1 There is a serious need for the authorities, especially the Ministry of Education, to investigate this issue further and plan on a long term basis to address this important issue. If this problem is not addressed adequately, it will bring far reaching negative consequences on the children, as reported in the literature.

5.2 The authorities, particularly the Ministry of Education, need to focus on the classrooms to make them to be safe places for children and also to provide the conducive environment in the classrooms to conduct teaching and learning process.

5.3 Teacher education programmmes, both pre-service and in-service, need to further emphasize the importance of preparing teachers to be able aware, monitor incidences of bullying, and take appropriate measures to overcome this problem.

5.4 There needs to be systematic efforts to provide the necessary support to implementers on the field to tackle this issue. The most important implementers on the field are the school administrators and teachers.

5.5 There is a need to provide ongoing professional development opportunities to further improve the abilities of school principals and teachers to handle the issue of bullying in schools.

5.6 Since this study found that the number of hours spent on watching television either on weekdays or weekends was related with both forms of bullying, there is a need to conduct further research on this aspect, especially to ascertain the relationship between the types of television programmes watched and the incidences of bullying.

5.7 Further research should be undertaken to ascertain the link, if at all there is any, between the experiences of being bullies and bully-victims and more violent behaviour in later years.

5.8. Research should also focus on how reformers and teachers could work together in formulating and implementing new policies, given the socio-political situations in the country.



“To effectively combat bully behaviour among students, there is indeed a great need to enhance overall school community and parents’ capacity to efficiently cope with bully and victim incidences.

“UNICEF in partnership with the Faculty of Behavioral Science at HELP University College and the Malaysian Ministry of Education has embarked on a project to introduce bullying interventions to schools in Malaysia. This intervention model is based on the Olweus School Intervention Model that has been successfully introduced in various parts of the world. This intervention meets the following needs:

  • timely and effective interventions for victims of bully incidences;

  • implementation of anti-bullying policy in schools;

  • communicating clearly to students that bullying is not at all a permissible behaviour;

  • training for students, parents and school staff to effectively deal with bullying behaviour among students; as well as training in areas of problem solving strategies and enhancement of social skills; and

  • provision of accurate information and education for children, school staff, parents, and the public on what bullying is; its causes and effects; as well as steps of prevention and intervention.

Urgent need for awareness and action

“There is an urgent need for awareness among staff and students alike, that bullying in all its forms is not acceptable. A common belief among staff and students is that bullying incidence should be sorted out by the victims themselves. A common refrain is that the victim “should learn to stand up for themselves and fight back”, which is not always practical advice, especially when they are up against a large group of bullies.

“While teaching victims to respond in positive and constructive ways is part of the intervention, the program also focuses attention on how teachers, parents and bystanders can also play a role to create a physically and emotionally safe environment within the school.

“This pilot project will be completed at the end of 2007, at which time its efficacy will be evaluated. The hope is that if effective, it will be introduced at a national level to all schools in the country.”

That was more than a decade ago. Where are the results?